Is there a relationship between the satisfaction toward substance trials and the frequency of substance use? Is there a relationship between the use of substances during sexual intercourse and the use of condoms along with examinations for HIV? The research methodology used in this study involves a survey of Thai MSMs using dating apps. A non-probability sampling technique with convenience sampling was employed for subject recruitment. An online questionnaire developed through Survey Monkey — an online questionnaire tool www.
Several websites and social media sites were utilized in this study. Online questionnaires were distributed through the websites from February 9 to March 10, , allowing a period of 30 days for data collection. The Survey Monkey questionnaire utilized in this study comprised 21 questions. Among these questions, three had eight sub-questions each for obtaining overall qualifications and attitude of the study participants. The remaining 18 questions had multiple options which the participants can answer based on a 5-point Likert scale.
All the participants who participated in the survey were informed that their involvement was voluntary. They were assured that their identity would be kept confidential and that the survey would be completely anonymous, thus did not require any personally identifying information.
A total of respondents submitted their responses to the study questionnaire. Among these were from the eight carefully selected websites and were from social media sites. A demographic evaluation revealed that three of four respondents were aged from 18 to 35 years. The demographic findings showed that It was intriguing to note that Uniformity over the time span in the usage of dating apps was revealed with the usage frequency once per week to every day.
Regarding utilization of dating apps for meeting with other dating app users, results revealed that the majority of users Every three of four respondents translating to This study also explored the nature of messaging to identify which illicit drug was used the most frequently among MSMs. The study showed that methamphetamine abuse is rampant among the MSM community. The data revealed that majority of the messages were relevant to methamphetamine — a transparent color shaped drug similar to ice cubes. The nature of the persuasive messages for this drug abuse were coded with words such as high, cold, ice cubes, dew, ice, pull, and spray.
Nearly one-third of these users Presently, more than half of the respondents who have been engaged in substance use are still using substances regularly, whereas only Approximately one of four Besides, approximately four of five respondents who have been engaged in substance use or trials Consequently, this information reflects that dating apps are one of the highly popular distribution channels among substance users for spreading substance use.
Regarding behaviors of using substances during sexual intercourses, merely one of three substance users engage in sexual intercourses without using substances simultaneously Furthermore, approximately one of three respondents who use substances during their sexual intercourse did not use condoms regularly However, considering the statistics of HIV examinations within the sample, as much as three of four substance users Substance abuse is likely to create happiness with three attitude parameters: As evidenced in Table 1 , persuasion is a major factor involved in supporting the decision by the MSMs to get involved in illicit drug usage.
In the next step, correlations between attitudes toward substance use trials, along with attitudes toward persuasions to engage in substance use, with the behaviors of engaging in persuasion-induced substance use were examined. The findings reveal that attitudes toward substance use trials along with attitudes toward persuasions to engage in substance use are positively correlated with the behaviors of engaging in persuasion-induced substance use Table 2.
This suggests that people who either have positive attitudes toward substance trials or have positive attitudes toward persuasions to engage in substance use have the likelihood to engage behaviors of persuasion-induced substance use. Relationship between attitudes toward substance trials, along with attitudes toward persuasions to engage in substance use, with behaviors of engaging in persuasion-induced substance use. A stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed to further evaluate the correlation coefficients attitudes toward substance use trials and attitudes with persuasions to engage in substance abuse by specifying the persuasion-induced behaviors of engaging in substance use as the dependent variable.
Through these analyses, it was revealed that decisions to engage in persuasion-induced substance abuse trials and satisfaction when receiving substance abuse trial invitations are two most significant variables in predicting the behaviors of substance abuse, respectively. Therefore, this scenario indicates that when dating app users receive substance abuse trial invitations, they feel satisfied with these persuasive messages and more likely to get engaged in substance use.
The findings from the Tables 3 can be described using the following multiple regression formulae expressed in the form of two models to predict the effectiveness of persuasive messages in bringing people toward substance use:. Based on the information collected through questionnaires, the correlations between satisfaction toward substance use, along with the desire to use substances in the future, as well as the frequency of substance use were also examined Table 4. The analyses revealed that satisfaction toward substance use and the desire to continue in the future are positively correlated with the frequency of substance use.
This indicates that people who are subjected to substance use either have high satisfaction toward substance use or have high desire, which would ultimately result in higher frequency of substance use. The relationship between satisfaction toward substance abuse, along with the desire to use substances in the future, and frequency of substance abuse. Data collected relevant to various demographic factors revealed that age and monthly income are significantly correlated with the behavioral aspect of persuasion-induced substance use followed by education and gender among Thai MSMs Table 5.
These findings will help policy makers in Thailand to identify people who need relatively better attention in overcoming drug use. Correlation of demographic characteristics of respondents with behaviors of engaging in persuasion-induced substance abuse. Dating apps have greatly enhanced the connecting of men who are interested in meeting other men for sex without enough background about each other. This study also evaluated through the questionnaire how much MSMs connected through dating apps pay attention to safer sex, particularly using condoms during sexual intercourse.
Data from this study revealed a negative correlation between the partners meeting through dating apps and condom usage Table 6. Relationship between safe sex and awareness about sexually transmitted diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection and MSM behaviors.
Substance use relationship with high-risk sex has been extensively described in numerous studies.
There is a variety of dating apps available in the market. The reason for preference toward these two apps compared with others is a user friendly interface and built in preferences that allow users to share messages and pictures only to the intended audience. A blog share showing weighted average ratings based on customer satisfaction data is worth mentioning and both the apps used by the Thai MSM community stand on top of the list suggesting ill intended use of these apps all across the globe, 12 a notion that still needs to be explored.
This risky sexual behavior associated with substance use is one of the major causes for rapidly spreading acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS in the region. Utilization of dating apps all across the world including Thailand is a reality; however, exploitation of these tools in enticing other fellow members in substance use is a major problem to be tackled. This study evaluated the holistic scenario of substance use invitation and associated response, a major behavioral aspect. There are a number of potential variables impacting the behavior of MSM toward substance use. This study performed a stepwise multiple regression to deduce the plausible correlation of substance abuse among MSMs.
Inferential statistic data from this study strongly suggest that the use of dating apps, especially among MSMs, increase the risk that dating app users will engage in substance trials due to the high possibility that they will receive persuasions from other dating app users to engage in substance trials Another interesting aspect of this study is that the data are relevant to precautionary measures during sexual intercourse. Concurrently, substance use during sexual intercourses tends to be related to risky behaviors reducing the likelihood of using condoms.
Besides STIs, it is important to mention the short- and long-term issues associated with substance use on human health.
Short-term issues include increased heart rate, dizziness, tremors, and mode changes, whereas long-term impact includes mental and physical effects. This study provides critical information that will assist policy makers in developing public health care strategies in Thailand. However, the authors are also aware of the inherent limitations associated with online studies that need to be addressed in future.
There are several potential avenues for future studies or ongoing work by our group and colleagues. All the data were collected through online interaction, thus limiting physical interactions that always increase the validity of findings and personal thoughts about any study.
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The users contended that they were removed from the site after male trolls submitted multiple false complaint reports.
Despite all of this, Tinder has made notable efforts to be more trans and queer inclusive over the years by offering an above average number of gender options. That's more than most apps its size, which typically offer a grand total of Tinder is free to download. More than 50 million people use Tinder , and chances are you're going to see someone who you work with on the app.
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Because of its popularity, Tinder is the app people love to hate. This doesn't mean the haters don't have a point, but in general, the quality of people you find on Tinder is no better or worse than you'll find anywhere else. Have faith! Best for men looking for a relationships. Chappy Free version: Yes See Details.
Chappy is the latest app to cater to the relationship-seeking crowd among gay men. In , Chappy was introduced in three major cities: Los Angeles, London, and New York. Chappy brands itself as an app that caters to three demographics — people who are looking for long term relationships "Mr. Right" , those who are looking something more casual "Mr. Right Now" and those who don't know what they want "Mr. Who Knows". It's unclear whether Chappy will produce longer and more satisfying relationships for me than traditional apps like Grindr.
If nothing else, the app at least gives people the illusion that such a partnership is in their future. Delusions schelusions, we'll take it.
Chappy is relatively small and young in app terms, so don't expect the overpopulated dating pool you might find on Grindr or Scruff. The app requires users to have Facebook for verification purposes, so it won't work for those who've rightfully abandoned the platform. You're disproportionately likely to find people like this on the app. Chappy is free to download, though as their user base grows, so too might potential in-app purchases. Which is in part why, three years ago, I started a Twitter account, GrindrRacism to encourage Grindr to remove offensive profiles.
Disappointingly Grindr has often been slow to act though — meaning sexual racism is still present on the app. By not tackling those problems in society, however, — for example cracking down on offensive speech — apps can act as enablers for racism and insecurity. Post-Castro Cuba and the cult of personality — Egham, Surrey. Religious accommodation on both sides of the pond: Different paths to a common norm?
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Front-end planning of capital projects: Available editions United Kingdom. Glen Jankowski , Leeds Beckett University. The body beautiful? Love your selfie. White washing But beyond appearance pressures, dating apps are doubly damaging because they often operate in a sphere where sexual racism is commonplace. Online dating comes with its own rules, preferences and prejudices.